Recollections and reflections

Reminiscences, Rafi Ahmad Kidwai

I first came in contact with Subhas Bose in 1923 at Delhi when the Congress was divided into two groups over the question of what was known as 'Council Entry.'...Subhas Babu, as the favourite lieutenant of Deshabandhu, was playing a prominent part in the controversy. more>>

Broadcast by Rangoon Radio

In his proclamation setting forth the aims of the Provisional Government of Free India, Netaji Bose says, “Under the command of the Provisional Government of Free India, the Indian National Army has invaded India and has penetrated deep on Indian soil. People of India! This government is our own and we should help it to accomplish its aim, which is to liberate our Motherland from Anglo-American domination. The Indian National Army will not lay down its arms till our oppressors are completely driven out of India. The task of our Government is two-fold: firstly, to drive out her enemies and then repair the damage they have done to the country; and, secondly, to establish proper administrative machinery for the liberated areas. Before I proceed further, I want to impress upon you that the Provisional Government has implicit faith in Japanese sincerity and is banking upon their help. On behalf of the Provisional Government, I wish to stress that Japan has no designs on India, military, economic, territorial or political.” Continuing, the Netaji stated, “The Provisional Government is busy making preparations for the administration of the liberated areas. You all know that it has already appointed an Executive under Lt.-Col. Chatterjee to govern liberated India. It has also decided to use its own currency in the liberated areas and has printed rupee notes. But, the advance into India was carried out by the Indian National Army at such a rapid rate that the preparations of the Provisional Government have not been able to keep pace with it. Hence, I regret that the rupee notes of the Provisional Government may not be circulated for some time to come till that time it has been decided to use Japanese currency instead, but, I can assure you that they will be replaced with the rupee notes of the Provisional Government as soon as conditions permit.” The Netaji concluded with an appeal to all Indians to cooperate with the Provisional Government and the Indian National Army.