Recollections and reflections

Reminiscences, Rafi Ahmad Kidwai

I first came in contact with Subhas Bose in 1923 at Delhi when the Congress was divided into two groups over the question of what was known as 'Council Entry.'...Subhas Babu, as the favourite lieutenant of Deshabandhu, was playing a prominent part in the controversy. more>>

Broadcast from Berlin Radio

Wearing an expression of full determination Mr Subhas Chandra Bose mounted the platform and amidst enthusiastic clapping he delivered a spirited and fiery address in Hindustani. Vehemently attacking British policy in India Mr Bose declared that the seeds of hatred which the British had sown all these years were developing into forces which would soon overthrow their rule in India. The freedom we are after cannot be attained unless we are prepared to shed our blood and are unwilling to allow ourselves to be overwhelmed by suffering and privation. Mr Bose emphasised that for the sake of freedom no amount of sacrifice is too big, no amount of bloodshed too horrible.

Mr. Bose continued, “In conclusion, I desire to draw your attention to the 6th of September, 1942, on which day the Viceroy desires pro-British demonstrations to be organised. I call upon you to organise on our side an ‘All-India Day’ on September 6, for opposing and breaking up all Governmental demonstrations, and for holding counter-demonstrations, demanding that the Britishers should leave India at once. In other words, observe September 6, as the 'National Quit India Day,' not only in British India but in all the States as well. Let there be meetings and demonstrations from one end of the country to the other. Let the sky be rent with the shouts of ‘Go back John Bull,' and write these words in every conceivable place on walls, on tramcars, on trees, and even on the backs of animals, in fact everywhere. And last but not least, litter the whole country with the letters ‘QI' meaning 'Quit India,' so that wherever a Britisher turns his eyes he will find these letters 'QI' staring him in the face. Thus on September 6, you should rouse such a revolutionary spirit in India as will sound the death-knell of British Imperialism."